Ergebnisse des Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya
Band 13 Lieferung 2
Erschienen 1979 im Wagner - Verlag, Innsbruck
Veröffentlichung    von    Prof.    Andras    Höfer     in    englischer    Sprache.    Der    Inhalt erschließt   sich   aus   der   der   nachfolgend   wiedergegebenen   Rezension   durch   Prof. Donald A. Messerschmidt  von der Washington State University: The   Caste   Hierarchy   is   a   very   welcome   book   in   Nepalese   studies,   and   brings   the study   of   Nepalese   caste   to   a   new   height   of   appreciation   and   understanding.   The Muluki Ain   (hereafter   MA)   of   1854   is   the   basis   for   caste/social   interaction   in   Nepal today   (although   there   have   been   important   revisions   since   that   date).      The   640 page   MA   covers   a   host   of   topics.   In   Höfer's   treatise   of   it,   only   those   aspects   which deal   expressly   with   the   caste   hierarchy   are   discussed.   Höfer's   approach   is   that the   law   is   not   a   "theory   of   caste",   but   "one   of   the   ethnotheories   that   a   particular caste   society   has   of   itself."   It   is   a   form   of   "common   law   applicable   within   a   state territory,"   a   "representation   of   an   entire   traditional   society."   Similar   legal   codes   in India   do   not   deal   with   caste   to   the   extent   and   depth   that   the   Nepalese   MA   does, and   this   is   one   of   its   distinguishing   characteristics.   legal   codes   like   the   MA   were designed   for   a   variety   of   purposes,   not   the   least   of   which,he   tells   us,   was   to solidify    and    define    an    emerging    state    system.    Höfer    calls    this    process    the "etatisation" of society, custom and religion. Höfer    treats    us    to    an    interpretation    of    the    MA's    approach    to    purity/impurity, commensality,   sexual   relations,   status,   the   varna   model   and   division   of   labor, slavery    and    asceticism,    ethnic    group    and    caste,    the    place    of    natives    and foreigners   under   the   law,   tolerance,   the   sanctioning   of   custom,   change   of   caste and   mobility,   public   authority,   the   role   of   the   state,   and   the   effects   of   recent   (1951) Tamangs within the hierarchy, and with the law dealing with cow kiling. The   bibliography   llsts   both   Nepalese   and   European   sources.   There   is   no   general     index   (it   needs   one),   but   two   specific   indices   give   us   indigenous   terms   and   ethnic and caste names. This   is   an   important   contribution   to   the   literature   on   Nepalese   social   structure.   It should   be   in   the   hands   of   all   scholars   of   Hindu   caste.   all   students   of   Nepalese history and soclety, and in every major library and specialist library.
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ISBN 3-7030-0066-X
Arbeitsgemeinschaft für vergleichende Hochgebirgsforschung e.V.