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KHUMBU HIMAL
Ergebnisse des Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya
Band 13 Lieferung 2
Titelbild
Erschienen 1979 im Wagner - Verlag, Innsbruck
Veröffentlichung von Prof. Andras Höfer in englischer Sprache. Der Inhalt  erschließt sich aus der der nachfolgend wiedergegebenen Rezension durch Prof. Donald A. Messerschmidt von der Washington State University: The Caste Hierarchy is a very welcome book in Nepalese studies, and brings the  study of Nepalese caste to a new height of appreciation and understanding. The  Muluki Ain (hereafter MA) of 1854 is the basis for caste/social interaction in Nepal today (although there have been important revisions since that date).  The 640  page MA covers a host of topics. In Höfer's treatise of it, only those aspects which deal expressly with the caste hierarchy are discussed. Höfer's approach is that  the law is not a "theory of caste", but "one of the ethnotheories that a particular  caste society has of itself." It is a form of "common law applicable within a state  territory," a "representation of an entire traditional society." Similar legal codes in  India do not deal with caste to the extent and depth that the Nepalese MA does,  and this is one of its distinguishing characteristics. legal codes like the MA were  designed for a variety of purposes, not the least of which,he tells us, was to  solidify and define an emerging state system. Höfer calls this process the  "etatisation" of society, custom and religion. Höfer treats us to an interpretation of the MA's approach to purity/impurity,  commensality, sexual relations, status, the varna model and division of labor,  slavery and asceticism, ethnic group and caste, the place of natives and  foreigners under the law, tolerance, the sanctioning of custom, change of caste  and mobility, public authority, the role of the state, and the effects of recent (1951) Tamangs within the hierarchy, and with the law dealing with cow kiling. The bibliography llsts both Nepalese and European sources. There is no general  index (it needs one), but two specific indices give us indigenous terms and ethnic  and caste names. This is an important contribution to the literature on Nepalese social structure. It  should be in the hands of all scholars of Hindu caste. all students of Nepalese  history and soclety, and in every major library and specialist library.
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ISBN 3-7030-0066-X
Arbeitsgemeinschaft für vergleichende Hochgebirgsforschung e.V.